Giardinetta, Promiscua e sportwagon
|Not truth whether beautiful automobile! Even now, after two years of release machine is received as dynamic, beautiful, stylish and thoroughbred. Designers Centro Stile Alfa Romeo worked to the glory! Language is not turned to name this its worn out word as specialist, this genuine Sportwagon. Before appearance Sportwagon there were, to my taste, only two automobiles with this alloy of universality, swiftness and beauty. These are the present works of skill, built in the limited quantities. From one name firms of those produced to the light these automobiles begins uchashchenno to be beaten heart - Ferrari and Aston Martin.|
|One of the most beautiful specialists of all times, in my view, is Ferrari 456 gta Venice Station Wagon. Together with the specialist, on base 456 gta, are built cabriolet and four-door sedan. They all were intended for the family of the sultan Of bruneya. Mechanics remained standard - 5,5 liter V12, three-stage automatic gearbox, and here base increased on 200 mm. at the sight of this machine it is desirable to say: "UUUUUUUUU of!!!!!!!"|
|Aston Martin Virage Shooting Brake Made a debut on the Geneva auto-salon of 1992. The cost of machine was 165000 pounds, which made by its most dear Aston Martin that time. In contrast to the past years the production of machine was charged to the little-known studio Works Service. This machine does not need idea, precisely, so, on my concepts, must appear the present English thoroughbred Shooting Brake.|
|Initially automobiles with the body specialist bore purely utilitarian nature, for example, technician on the competitions as this was with Ferrari 212 Export Break Carrozzeria Fontana, built for the rapid delivery of spare parts in the course picker Carrera Panamericana 1951. But most often machines with such bodies became first aid, catafalque or peddling van. One of the clear examples, the supposedly pre-war specialist, is depicted on the photo. "sport" catafalque (but as still it is possible to name this machine, indeed if we draw parallels with the present, then as prototype could serve the same automobile on base Ferrari 456 gt!) it is built on the chassis of the model of 'S 2300. I will hush up about the suppositional dynamic characteristics, however those put outting themselves they were.|
The first specialists, intended, as we now said, for the
productive leisure, they appeared in THE USA. These were so
called woodie, the machines, built with the application of wooden
panels of body. The bloom of such bodies in America arrived to
the end of the 30th, the beginning of the 40th it was annual.
The splash of mode to these machines arrived for the postwar
period, in connection with the scarcity it threw. Gradually
under the American influence the market for postwar Europe began to
require the same automobiles on the European chassis.
One of the first to this requirement responded Italian body workers. By them they proved to be studio Pietro Frua and Viotti. They together built in 1947 specialist on base Lancia Aprilia. Still some body studio that built at the end of the 40th specialist on base Alfa Romeo it became Carrozzeria Stabilimente Farina.
Machine represented on the photo is built in 1947 on the base of the unassuming model 6C 2500 coloniale - version 6C 2500 for the servicemen. Automobile was represented to Concorso d'Eleganza di Como Villa d'Este during September 1947 and obtained the first place in its class.
I will make not a large retreat and will describe about Viotti. Firm was based in 1921 Vittorino Viotti as handicraft kuzovostroitel'nyy store, but she soon became industrial contractor s grow prettier by reputation, but this was Turin(sk) firm, and Torino is Torino as Milan this Milan. Geographical location is main explanation, why Viotti did not play the significant role in history Alfa Romeo. But let us return to the machines. One of the following works Viotti became specialist on base Lancia Aurelia, but this machine was only not much less than 6C 2500. Lancia Aurelia Giardinetta Was four-door machine, and 6C 2500 two-door, but outwardly bodies and parts of these machines were practically identical. By the way it is evident on the upper photo that the machine has a hatchway in the roof, this option for 6C 2500 was called Aerlux. Most likely, the selection of chassis with the building was based by the fact that the customer preferred to have specialist or larger than Lancia Aurelia or that simply built on chassis 6C 2500. On the contemporary measures this automobile can be compared by status, technical level and style only with Ferrari 456 gt Venice Station Wagon, Aston Martin Virage Shooting Break, Lynx Eventer or Gardner Douglas MTE.
Photo from Centro di Documentazione Storica Alfa Romeo
As in encyclopedia Mille Ruote Carrozzeria Colli it was
written based in 1932 by brothers Beniamino, Mario, Tarcisio and
Candido Colli. It was located in Milan on street Viale Certosa
of 181. In 1947 was built the first machine on base Alfa Romeo.
This was Alfa Romeo 6C 2500 spider Corsa, for the participation
in the race of 1000 miles. Automobile came out without the
special success, in that year in the race conquered pre-war Alfa Romeo
8C 2900 B. In 1952 Carrozzeria Colli becomes the official
kuzovostroitel'noy firm Alfa Romeo and construct such automobiles as
6C 2000 disco Volante, 6C 3000 CM Berlinetta and many others, among
which important place occupy the specialists.
One of the most uncommon postwar Alfa Romeo became mobile laboratory on the collection of the blood in the Italian cities. 6C 2500 autoemoteca was built Colli and it was presented (from Alfa Romeo, Pirelli and Italian Bank) AVIS (first and largest organization in Italy on the collection of the donor blood). One automobile in a similar performance was produced only. Interior included two large armchairs and refrigerator for storing the blood. As far as technical side is concerned, to the body firm, Alfa transferred by chassis of 'S 2500 in normal version (Turismo).
|The following specialist became however strangely the automobile, built on base Alfa Romeo 1900M AR51 Matta. (AR it is deciphered not as Alfa Romeo, but as Autovettura da Ricognizione) machine was intended for the work as the first aid and was one of several prototypes of those built Alfa Romeo on base Matta. Into the number of these prototypes entered one automobile with the Diesel engine, one with the equipment for the harvesting of snow, one with the body by cistern even one specialist. Now Matta Giardinetta is located in Misericordia di Prato, the automobile museum, dedicated to ambulances. By the way to several years earlier in Italy in 1947 a similar automobile was built on the base of jeep Willis MB. main difference it was reduced to the larger rear overhang. But it is here on the part of the dynamic characteristics, it appears, Matta could give 100 points forward to rival. Indeed on the initial prototype AR51 in 1952 was won the race of 1000 miles in the class of army automobiles.|
|Engine established on 1900M bore designation "serie 1307". Actually, this was the 4th the drum depowered motor (compression ratio it was reduced with 7,5:1 to 7:1) from model 1900 with a working volume of 1884 kub.sm. and by the mechanism of gas distribution built according to diagram DOHC. Maximum power composed 65 hp with 4400 r/min, maximum torques of 12,5 kgfm with 2500 r/min. Transmission of the 4th the stupenchataya+ponizhayushchaya transfer. The maximum speed of 103,5 km/h. Imposing clearance in 205 mm made it possible to overcome ford with depth to 70 cm.|
||After a certain time dzhardinettoy became the first aid, built Colli in the quantity less than 5 pieces in 1953 on the base of 1900 Berlina first series. Just as in the case with AR51 machine had to possess excellent dynamic characteristics, since the power of engine was 90 hp with 5200 r/min, for comparison of Ferrari 166 Inter 1951 with engine V12 with a volume of 1995 kub.sm had 105 hp with 6000 r/min, but Ferrari - this sport automobile, and Alfa Romeo 1900 usual family sedan.|
On the photo is shown Alfa Romeo 1900 Station Wagon body
studio Ghia. The beauty of this automobile can be estimated even
now, 50 years after production. In the machine all advances of
the contemporary specialists of the sport sense are observed:
the swiftness of the lines of body, first-class technology and
How many copies were released on that, in what years, nothing learned could not be. Attempts were made not only from my side, but also from side Marco Sambataro, demands were sent both on Ghia and on Alfa Romeo, but without result.
|Although Alfa Romeo of 1900 Berlina it was the first mass model of firm, in the years of release were produced 16765 pieces of all versions of automobile with the body sedan, present success at Alfa arrived with release Giulietta. Release Alfa Romeo Giulietta was begun in 1955. Giulietta on the part of the technology can serve as model for many contemporary automobiles. On the base version was established the engine with two upper-located camshafts (this diagram they will be used since 1926 practically on all gasoline engines Alfa Romeo) with a working volume of 1290 kub.sm and power of 54 hp the version of specialist on base Giulietta it is developed Colli in the collaboration with Alfa Romeo, it was in production from 1957 through 1960. It was released 91 copies. In 1957 - 1 pcs, in 1959 - 71, 1960 - 19 pcs. From 1957 through 1959 were produced the automobiles of the first series - 750C, since 1959 of the machine of the second series - 101.22. The main difference between the machines of the first and second series was reduced to the deceptive get-up, for example to another fal'shradiatornoy lattice.|
Photo from Centro di Documentazione Storica Alfa Romeo
|Giulietta Weekendena Is developed and realized Carrozzeria Boneschi in 1957 as alternative to specialist released Colli. It was on Turinsk auto-salon. Probably, precisely this machine can consider one of the first specialists of sport sense among the machines the small working volume of engine. Automobile, in contrast to the the utilitarian Promiscua Colli, had the more inclined back rest, which gave to machine swift dynamic silhouette and rear door opened upward, but not to the side. On the part of the mechanics the machine was completely identical Giulietta Berlina. A precise quantity of produced machines is not known. One of a few preserved copies weekendena now is located in the milanskom club Alfa Blue Team. The state of machine completely corresponds to its age.|
Photo from ALFA BLUE TEAM - Milan Collection
Giulia Promiscua Colli The rarest machine from entire
family Giulia. The initial version of machine was based on
Giulia 1600 Super with the chrome-plated radiator lattice and it was
most probably intended for the public demonstration. This
version, for the first time shown in 1962 (precisely this year signed
the turned yellow photo, sent to me from Centro di Documentazione
Storica Alfa Romeo, although in other sources are indicated or 1965.
- Il Quadrifogilio, or 1968. - on different sites), it was
completely glazed and equipped with folding rear seats as usual
specialist. Rear door was made largest possible, for the fact
that to decrease the loading height. Because of this the usual
rear panel Giulia became the part of the door. The majorities of
those produced Giulia Giardinetta were intended for the police and the
custom-house and they were half specialist, half by van. Instead
of the rear lateral glass in the machine was metallic sheet with the
vent openings. Late versions had the short fifth door, which did
not go to the rear panel, possibly, this was made for an increase in
the hardness of body.
Photo from Centro di Documentazione Storica Alfa Romeo
|During May 1968 Carrozzeria Pavesi it developed specialist on base Alfa Romeo of 1750 Berlina by the name Alfa Romeo of 1750 Giardinetta Veloce. This was the six-window specialist, who preserved mechanical part and sizes of 1750 Berlina, but had the elongated roof, large baggage carrier and rear door, which consisted of two parts, which could be opened separately. The power of dlinnokhodnogo (88mmkh88,shchmm) engine, with volume 1779 sm.kub, was 118 hp with 6000 r/min the mass of automobile was 50 kg more than base version. So small an increase in the weight was not reflected in the dynamic characteristics, which were identical 1750 Berlina. Maximum speed was 187 km/h, and acceleration from the place to 100 km/h of 10,8 s. Into the list of options entered electrical glasss-hoist, electrical hatchway in the roof, special painting. The small party of these automobiles was released, so that today they are collection rarity. As it was written in the annual of periodical Quattroruote "Dizionario delle Auto of 1970" in division Carozzerie, printed in 1969, the price of automobile composed 2.650.000 lira. For comparison of 1750 Berlina cost 1.825.000 lira, and 2600 berlina, sedan the business of class from Alfa Romeo, 2.700.000 lira. All automobiles were manufactured only to order. On that, how much can cost this specialist now it is possible to only surmise, the search in the Internet for the copy of that advanced on sale did not give result.|
Italy greeted practically the 70's without the
specialists. In their mass quantity it let out only FIAT, and
Alfa Romeo, that belongs to state, in its gamma it did not have this
automobile. Problem consisted in the fact that the state was
forced to buy automobiles for the service of first aid in the quotient
FIAT. Partially this niche was completed by vans Alfa Romeo AR2,
but machine did not possess a sufficient speed and did not befit for
the special situations. Filling of this niche undertook the body
studio Franco Carrozzeria Mariani, which is been located now with
address Via Galilei 9, 51100 pistoia. The specialization of this
enterprise to this day remain catafalques and automobiles of first
aid, in essence on the base of vans IVECO and minivenov FIAT Scudo.
Alfa Romeo 2000 ambulanza possessed all qualities of the automobile of first aid, it was by actually fast - engine volume 1962 kub.sm and power (SAE) of 129 hp with 5800 r/min it had to be sufficient with the reserve for the automobile of this sense. Possibly, on the automobile was established the interlocking differential with 25% blocking, provided as the option on sedan 2000.
But the first mass automobile with the body specialist
appeared in gamma Alfa Romeo only in 1975. This was three-door
Alfasud Giardinetta 1.2 (Type 904 A). Machine was created on
base Alfa Romeo Alfasud 1.2 berlina, which was being let out by that
time of already 4 years. Alfasud Giardinetta Thought by
utilitarian aggregate and was positioned as automobile for the small
merchants and the fathers of large-family families. Style
Alfasud Giardinetta byl' is more practical, than elegant.
Enormous baggage carrier was, in the essence, the main advantage
Giardinetta: 1335 mm width, 820 mm height, 1375 mm length,
volume from 600 liters (with the folded rear seats) to 1300 liters
(seat they are decomposed). Interior was sufficiently simple,
and in finishing of cargo hold plywood panels were used. On the
specialist was established the 4th drum boxer (AS30102), who was
aggregated from the 4th by stepped gearbox. The engine with a
volume of 1186 kub.sm. with the diameter of cylinder 80 mm, and piston
stroke 59 mm developed 63 hp with 6000 r/min. This motor began
to be established on Alfasud in 1973 and it were differed from that
initially established since 1971 by the increased torque - 88 nm with
3200 r/min against 83 nm with 3500 r/min originally. On
Giardinetta were established wider tires - 165/70 SR 13 against 145 SR
13 - in Alfasud Berlina. The length of machine grew by 45 mm,
and were 3935 mm. the width (1590 mm.), the height (1370 mm.), front
(1384 mm.) and rear (1351 mm.) track, base (2455 mm.)
they remained without the changes. But here weight
increased on 85 kg. (915 kg.), which affected the maximum speed,
it decreased by 2 km/h (153 km/h).
|During December 1977 was begun release Alfa Romeo Giulietta, the successor of the legendary Giulietta the 50th machine had a transmission transaxle and engines with a volume of 1357 kub.sm (95 hp with 5800 r/min) and 1570 kub.sm (109 hp with 5600 r/min) with two tappet shafts in the cylinder head. For its time, yes even now the machine was the apex of technical thought in its class. During 1978 on the base of sedan of sport sense were represented two experimental models. The first was by automobile with the body of sleeping compartment and was prepared Bertone. Second, shown on by Turinsk the auto-salon of 1978, was specialist, built Carrozzeria Moretti. Moretti was based in 1925 Giovanni Moretti and specialized in development and building of motorcycles both on its own projects and in the collaboration with other companies. At the end of war Moretti it were switched to building of bodies for the automobiles. The first experiment of collaboration with Alfa Romeo arrived to the end of the 50th, when on the individual orders was modified Giulietta. The machine, shown on by Turinsk auto-show, bore name Giulietta Folk and it was built in the sole copy. It is completely probable that it was constructed under the possible order from different medical services, since in 1978 started the experimental project C.R.I. on the rendering to medical aid on the superhighways. By the automobile, utilized in this project, it became Alfa Romeo Giulietta 1.6 berlina. But this idea did not obtain development and specialist remained uncalled-for.|
Alfa Romeo 33. Even looking at the name of this
machine, the more or less familiar with history Alfa Romeo person it
will understand entire its essence. Automobile is named in the
honor of the legendary Alfa Romeo 33, which shone on the sport
contests of the 70th it was annual. Certainly 4 drum boxer, this
not 12 drum, but sport nature was transmitted to machine together with
the name. The debut of receiver Alfasud took place in 1983, but
already during June 1984 appeared 33 giardinetta, yes not simple, but
with the complete drive. Machine was completed by boxer by
volume 1490 kub.sm and developed the power of 85 hp with 5800 r/min.
Design Giardinetta was developed in the collaboration with
Pininfarina and it is necessary to recognize, work succeeded, even
after 20 years since the beginning of the release machine does not
appear for its years. Now this niche on the market fills Subaru
Legacy Outback. The same boxer, the same complete drive.
Generally to theme who in whom fought the concept of boxer it is
possible to dedicate whole article, and as me it seems Subaru it will
be not the first stamp, which used boxer with the front drive, in the
number of pioneers it will prove to be Lancia and Alfa Romeo.
Only several months later, during December 1984 began release 33 1.5 giardinetta with front-wheel drive. In contrast to the all-wheel-drive version, mono-driving had the lowered clearance and smaller mass, which affected dynamic characteristics.
During October 1986 entire family 33 underwent restaylingu. The changed radiator grill and another illumination engineering became the outwardly largest difference, and in the salon instrument panel changed. Front-page news under the cowling - the increased power of engine - 105 hp with 6000 r/min and the torque of 13,6 kg-m with 4000 r/min. Because of this living motor the maximum speed of all-wheel-drive specialist was 180 km/h, and acceleration to 100 km/h - 10,5 s. But now find, if you please, the contemporary all-wheel-drive specialist of the same class, with such characteristics! Of course not this machine, and passed already about 20 years! At the same time appeared diesel version 33 1.8 turbodiesel Giardinetta.
In 1988 Giardinetta they renamed in Sportwagon. Besides name appeared the model with the engine with the volume of 1351 kub.sm in assembly S - the power of 86 hp with 5800 r/min and the moment of 12,1 kg-m with 4000 r/min (two carburetors Dell'Orto DRL A of e'/.D). The machine of completely of appropriate name became the apex of gamma 33 1.7 sport Wagon Quadrifoglio Verde. On it was established the motor with a volume of 1712 kub.sm, which because of 4 carburetors issued 118 hp with 5800 r/min and 15,5 kg-m with 3500 r/min of torque.
Following yr became the year of preparation for the championship of peace on the football, which was passed to Italy. To this event it was specially released modification 33 1.3 S Sport Wagon Italia 90. In the same 1989 for the market left the first models with the catalyst - 33 1.7 ie cat Sport Wagon 4x4 Quadrifoglio Verde, 33 1.7 ie cat Sport Wagon Quadrifoglio Verde.
1990 brought with itself last restayling for Alfa Romeo 33. Appearance underwent serious changes in spirit Alfa 164. From 1990 through 1995, were released many interesting versions 33 sportwagon, the quite best of them this 33 1.7 IE 16v Sport Wagon Q4 released during May 1992. Machine combined in itself complete drive and 16 valve engine 137 hp with 6500 r/min - present diamond in the worthy mounting.
For the brevity I will give the list of all versions 33 Sportwagon 3 series on the years of the beginning of release.
1990 - 33 1.3 sport Wagon 4x4, 33 1.3 Sport Wagon, 33 1.3 Sport Wagon L, 33 1.7 ie 16v cat Sport Wagon, 33 1.7 ie 16v Sport Wagon, 33 1.7 ie cat Sport Wagon 4x4 Europa, 33 1.7 ie cat Sport Wagon Europa, 33 1.7 ie Sport Wagon 4x4, 33 1.7 ie Sport Wagon, 33 1.8 turbodiesel Sport Wagon.
1991 - 33 1.3 IE L Sport Wagon cat, 33 1.3 sport Wagon 4x4 Firma, 33 1.3 sport Wagon Explora, 33 1.3 sport Wagon Firma.
1992 - 33 1.3 ie Sport Wagon 4x4, 33 1.3 ie Sport Wagon 4x4 cat, 33 1.3 ie Sport Wagon, 33 1.3 IE Sport Wagon Brio, 33 1.3 IE Sport Wagon L, 33 1.3 IE Sport Wagon L Loden, 33 1.7 ie 16v Sport Wagon Q4, 33 1.8 td Sport Wagon Eco.
1993 - 33 1.3 IE Sport Wagon L Brio.
1994 - 33 1.3 ie Sport Wagon Flag 4x4, 33 1.3 ie Sport Wagon Flag, 33 1.3 ie Sport Wagon Tender.
In 1984 the Italian automobile periodical Auto Capital,
which was being specialized in the most interesting and most original
automobiles, became the organizer of building two specialists on base
Alfa Romeo. In those years in industrial Italy not there was
real dear specialist. Such machines were in Mercedes Benz,
Volvo, but not it was in Alfa Romeo and Lancia. Idea with
building of this automobile arrived at the editor in chief of
periodical. In its plans it was build lyuksovyy and sport
automobile simultaneously, to realize vysokotekhnologichnost' and
originality in the the present Station Wagon or is still more precise
than smart sport wagon.
In the beginning of 1984 of dream became reality. Was acquired Alfa Romeo Alfetta 2000 quadrifoglio Oro with the fuel injection and it was sent for the alteration for the body firm Zagato. Result came out not remarkable, but, undoubtedly, by such, such as wanted it to see editor in chief Auto Capital. This machine, until now, is located in the hands of this person. Gippo Salvetti, President Alfa Blue Team, very exclusive club Alfa Romeo in Milan, much once requested to show this his automobile, but answer was always one and the same: "no".
And it here at long last for me was possible to procure the photo of this machine. Driver photograph was to me sent from Austria by the large worshipper Alfa Romeo by Herald By bervidom. Remaining photographs are given to Marco sambotaro. It vkhozh in Alfa Blue Team, is occupied by embodiment on a scale of 1:43 rare models Alfa Romeo, and also by production of the scale models of catafalques. I do not know as to you, but me to please itself this Alfetta. Well, very pleasant machine!
Photo from ALFA BLUE TEAM - Milan Collection
Photo from ALFA BLUE TEAM - Milan Collection
Reading this text about Alfa Romeo Alfetta break Zagato,
you can understand why the same person it decided to build specialist
on the base of the new Alfetta - Alfa Romeo 90.
On by Turinsk auto-show during November 1984 Alfa Romeo represented model 90, which was based on technology Alfetta. Specialist, built to order Auto Capital, for the first time appeared on the pages of this periodical exactly yr after premiers 90, during November 1985.
In contrast to Alfetta break the building was charged Marazzi, to the same firm, which at the end of the 60th dealt with building 33 stradale. Just as Alfetta break machine was built in accordance with the wishes of customer and completed by many original accessories.
But nevertheless, probably it will more interesting describe about the fate of this automobile, than about the list of accessories.
Were built two Alfa Romeo 90 sw, but 4 I do not know the history of another automobile. Most likely, it is located in the hands of editor Auto Capital, just as Alfetta break. As far as the copy of that represented on the photo is concerned, it a little is differed from the first machine. Interior is realized in the special material tex in the Scottish style Of kamberlendskoy fur. In the machine were initially established front seats from the usual material texalfa (tex - "fal'shkozha"), but instrument panel was made from not the typical material "Valextra". In other respects the machine was differed in no way from the original. Well and now let us return to the history of the first auto-. In its time the machine was studied by specialists Alfa Romeo to the object of preparation for the series production. But project did not obtain development, just as 164 sw and 166 sw. After this, the machine was sold to the friend of the editor, who used its long time as automobile on each day, he has the dog, that gorged front seats! By this their difference from the original is explained. After this, the owner of automobile decided to sell him and turned himself to the local dealer Alfa Romeo with the request to count this machine on account of new. Dealer made this and counted machine as usual Alfa Romeo 90. But was located man, which possessed complete information about this Alfa even he understood, it presents what value. It proved to be Gippo Salvetti, that very President of the milanskogo club Alfa Blue Team. He without delay purchased this machine.
Now automobile is used rarely. It occupied its place next to similar vintage Alfa as 75 turbo Evoluzione and Giulietta Turbodelta in the beautiful and safe place near Milan. on the very important cases the owner of automobile assumes the invitation to demonstrate to its experts on the flights of owners Alfa Romeo. And this valid solution, this rare automobile it must occupy one of the key places in any collection.
Photo from ALFA BLUE TEAM - Milan Collection
At the end of 1985 before management Alfa Romeo, in
connection with success 33 giardinetta, began a question to create or
not specialist on the base of that appearing in 1985 Alfa Romeo 75. as
always in such cases order was transmitted local Carrozzeria. By
this firm she proved to be Rayton Fissore from Cherasco, which was
known on extra-road builder Fissore Magnum. It was initially
planned produce 75 wagon with engines 2,0 carb (162 bf), 1.8i turbo
(162 bз), 2.п v6 (162 b3). Were built on the whole seven or
eight specialists, several pieces with engine 2,0, several with 1,8
turbo and, most likely, one with 2,5 v6. Between these machines
there was an external difference, for example, red Turbowagon had
another radiator grill. These machines were used for the tests.
In 1986 on Alfa Romeo they decided this project to betray to
oblivion and to continue production 33 giardinetta.
In 1987 on the Geneva auto-salon on stand Alfa Romeo were advanced two Alfa Romeo 75 with the body specialist (one colors gray metallik, another of red.)
Gray machine was equipped with carburetor engine with a volume of 1962 kub.sm and power of 128 hp with 5400 r/min. Torque was 18,3 kg-m with 4000 r/min. On the stand the machine was advanced by the name Alfa Romeo 2.0 sportwagon. Specifically, then for the first time in history Alfa Romeo appeared name Sportwagon. Red was built on base Alfa Romeo 1..8i turbo. The power of engine was 155 hp with 5800 r/min, and the torque of 23 kg-m with 2600 r/min. Name they also selected worthy - Alfa Romeo 75 turbowagon.
You will ask, however, and which did happen of all these machines? Two of them (it is not known, with what engines) now are located in the garage of management Museum of Alfa Romeo. But that rest? After the oblivion of project these machines began to use as the service automobiles in the territory of plant Alfa Romeo in Arese. One of them, until now, in motion, and rest cost on area for the destruction. Them never they sell, but simply they will destroy.
Photo from Centro di Documentazione Storica Alfa Romeo
164 sportwagon. Dream of many owners Alfa 164.
Unfortunately, most likely for economic reasons, great
specialist concern FIAT let out under brand Lancia. But indeed
to create 164 Sportwagon large labor did not compose. Platform
in Lancia Thema and Alfa 164 identical, by development Lancia Thema SW
was occupied Pininfarina, and it was in turn occupied by the design of
164 models, but apparently the management of concern calculated, that
to develop body dies for the new details of body is not expedient,
since the volumes of sales will be small. Most likely, so it
was, who knows.
But as always were located people, to which was necessary precisely this machine - specialist on base Alfa 164. By man decided to personify its desire into the reality steel Tom Zat, the passionate worshipper Alfa Romeo. In its possession are located such machines as 2600 sz, GTV6 in the road and racing specifications, Alfasud Sprint Veloce. The total quantity Alfa Romeo in its hands composes 20 pieces, and this only those, which are advanced on sale. Among them there is 164 wagon with the series number ZAREA3Б4M6190970. With the interpretation of series number it was possible to explain that this Alfa Romeo was released during June 1990, on it was established automatic gearbox in the block with the engine of 12 valve three liter engines (engine of №00y"yyashch, marking AR 06412). Machine is now in unattractive state, primitive production is shown. For building of this copy, built in 1990, were used in large quantities the nerodnye details Alfa Romeo. So the basic elements of specialist - elongated roof, and rear door - are undertaken with Ford Taurus. The last time in this machine they drove in 1993.
After the appearance Alfa Romeo 155 before management
Alfa again came up the question, to be or not to be to specialist on
base 155. Just as in the case with 75 sportwagon, the
development of machine they charged to strange body firm. The
order they placed in the Swiss firm Sbarro, which was noted for such
eccentric models as Sbarro Issima (rodster on which they were
established two V6 Alfa Romeo after each other. Total power of
500 hp.) and Sbarro Ionos (interpretation on theme Lancia
Stratos. Two in-line 5- TI of the drum of engine Lancia Kappa
are connected V- descriptively (V10), transmission Porsche Carrera 4).
For the basis with the development of specialist was undertaken undercarriage Alfa Romeo of 155 q4. The process of alteration 155 q4 consisted of cutting of the top of baggage carrier and preparing the new back from the plastic. Rear glass- - original from 155. Rear lateral - also from the plastic. Machine was made in one copy for the Geneva auto-salon 1994- GO of year. The work on the automobile was carried out by the students of the designer school Espace Sbarro together with designers Alfa Romeo. The moderator of project was Walter de Silva. Initially machine was color gray metallik, for its Geneva auto-salon they recolored in the dark- Bordeau red color, added underweight from Zender and the light-alloy disks of black color were placed. According to the data by that published on the official site Sbarro, the machine is accelerated to 100 km/h in 7 seconds, the maximum speed of 225 km/h.
Now Alfa Romeo 155 q4 Sportwagon is located in museum Espera Sbarro, on the speedometer path 120000 km.
6 years after the completion of release 33 sportwagon
Alfa it represented specialist on the base 156 models. Here it
would be possible, of course, to give complete information about this
machine, to describe its appearance, to mention that it engaged one of
the leading places in its segment of market. There is a complete
press release, with all technical characteristics, by the list of
entire auxiliary equipment, by the detailed description of firm
service and so forth this would engage approximately pages 15
typewritten texts. 4 only briefly I will stop at the development
|On 24 November, 2003, on the Frankfort auto-salon was presented sequential limited edition. For the German market were specially prepared 400 pieces Alfa 156 1.9 jtd 16v Black Edition (into this number they enter both the specialists and the sedans). Main difference from the series version became painting black color, 16 one inch light-alloy disks, radio tape recorder Blaupunkt with CD pleyerom and the upholstering of seats Alfatex. For the pleasure to possess eksklyuzivom, was proposed to pay the remainder 1400 Euro-, total cost of automobile in the salons of Germany it composed 26210 Euro-.|
On 74 Geneva auto-salons during March 2004 Alfa Romeo it
presented reinkarnatsiyu of complete drive in body Sportwagon.
As it is written in the press release, the design of model is
developed in Alfa Romeo Centro Stile and contains the unforgettable
features of automobiles Alfa Romeo. In the machine are connected
extra-road advantages inherent SUV and the sharpened controllability,
by which they always was famous Alfa. The extra-road form to
machine give shielding aluminum cover plates on the thresholds of
body, special bumpers with the aluminum inserts and new radiator
grill. Crosswagon designates overcoming any road situations
without compromises. Big enough role in execution of the placed
into the name sense plays the increased to 6,5 cm. height and the
all-season tires of dimensionality 225/55 r17.
Also on the Geneva auto-salon of 2004 was represented
the machine, which is been the logical continuation of that shown in
the fall of 2002 in Bologna Alfa 156 gTAm. Machine all is also
built on base 156 gta, but were obtained feysliftingovuyu appearance
and body specialist.
Prototype is more than sportiven, than base model 156 gta, undercarriage is undertaken directly from the racing version. Outwardly machine underwent the following changes.
The first, wings are extended in order to contain into themselves wheels by size 225/40 R 18 - 91 Y. The second, for facilitating the automobile, cowling is made from composites and it is a little increased in order to contain new entrance system. The third, completely pererabotany bumpers - front includes the integrated spoiler, and rear pererabotan, so that in it 4 exhaust manifolds could be placed. Aggressive primes be present also in the formulation of salon. This is reached because of the application of the appearing sport- extreme suede and highly technological upholstering.
And from the style to the technology. Model
represented on the Geneva auto-salon is aggregated with the powerful
3.5 V6 24v engines, which develops 300 hp with 6800 r/min, which is
connected with 6- TI by the stepped gearbox, cooled by additional
radiator, and by the interlocking temple differential. This new
power unit is obtained of 3.2 v6, that is established on 156 gta, by
an increase in the cylinder displacement from 3177 to 3548 kub.sm
(diameter of cylinder 98 mm, piston stroke 78 mm).
The controllability of machine is even more sport, than in base model, because of the application of the adjustable shock absorbers Bilstein and the springs Eibach with the special coiling. Brakes also underwent modification, the front ventilation retarding discs Brembo were increased to 330 mm. in the diameter. Machine is created with the direct participation N -Technology, the racing subdivision FIAT, on the basis of the experience of that accumulated with the participation in the races. It would be impossible without the sport experience to bring the unbridled power of 300 strong al'fovskoy sixes to the front wheels, indeed for the majority of automobile firms limit for the front drive are 225 hp.
|Besides the version of that intended for productive leisure Alfa Romeo on 7 July, 2004, it presented the all-wheel-drive version of specialist the bearing auto-bath directivity - Sportwagon Q4. machine reaches the maximum speed into 200 km/h and it is accelerated to 100 km/h in 10,2 s (Crosswagon Q4 respectively 192 km/h, 10,5 s.) From the external differences, in comparison with the the usual Sportwagon - special cap to the muffler, the wheel disks of the dimensionality of y""kh", tire red 205/50 r17 Pirelli Pzero. In the plan of technology everything remained also as in Crosswagon Q4 - engine 1.9 M -Jet (150 hp), all-wheel-drive transmission with the preferential distribution of torque to the rear wheels, six-stage gearbox. Special attention was given to suspension - they were changed in comparison with the the standard|
2004 it became the year of special performances for
different markets. So in Japan appeared a series of machines
Linea Rossa, it was extended to 147, 156, Sportwagon. Main
external differences became black color, red line along the length
body, disks of the special design of dimensionality 17", of tire OF
2YSHCH/.YASHCHZRY" PIRELLI P ZERO NERO, antenna in the tail end of the
roof and inscription Linea Rossa on the boot-lid. In the
interior appeared the rugs with logotype Linea Rossa, metallic knob on
the shift knob of the transfers (different for all three types of
boxes - mechanics, Selespeed, Q -System), the lever of hand brake and
its jacket they were sheathed by black skin by the stitched red
thread, seats were upholstered with red skin, firm pendant is applied
to the keys. As the musical installation there were 2
1. the standard head device Blaupunkt RDS radio with CD and MP3, which is augmented by acoustics Bose, sabvuferom Bose, D -ce1ndjerom to 6 CD Clarion;
2. the navigation system NAVI with the large outstanding colored display, the hard disk to 20 gb, the possibility to lose the disks of sizes Dvd-video/dvd-r/dvd-rw/cd-rom/cd-da/cd-r/cd-rw, AM/FM/TV by tuner, three panels for remote control.
Assembly Sportwagon Linea Rossa could be ordered with motors 2.0 jts and 2.5 v6. Gearboxes only Selespeed and Q -System.
|On the German market was represented version Sportwagon Travel. It was constructed on the basis of machines in assembly Distinctive. By main difference from the base version was assembly in the base system CONNECT NAV+ (free maintenance during the year), D -ce1ndjerom to 5 CD in the baggage carrier, wheel disks of the special design of dimensionality 6, of.shchzhkh 16"and tires 205/55, painting metallik with colors Gonzaga Grau or Le Castellet Blau, the upholstering of seats by material Alfatex of black color, the front panel only of black color. Machine was completed only by Diesel engines - 1.9 JTD 8V (115 hp), 1.9 JTD 16V (140 hp), 2.4 jtd 20V (175 hp). The cost of this version on 2000 Euro- is more than analogous Sportwagon in assembly Distinctive.|
||For the market of Switzerland in 2004 was created the special packet of equipment Impulso TI. Into it entered light-alloy wheel disks 17"with design TOORA, tires of dimensionality 215/45 ZR 17, on Sportwagon it were established in the base the rear suspension Nivomat, black leather seats with stamping TI, preheating of front seats. This packet of equipment was combined with engines 1.9 JTD 16V (140 hp), 2.4 JTD 20V (175 hp), 2.0 jts, 2.5 v6. Gearboxes 6- TI stepped mechanics for the diesel motors and V6, 5- TI is stepped for 2.0 jts or the 4th the stepped automaton Q -System for V6 or Selespeed for 2.0 jts. Prices from 39362 to 45923 Swiss francs.|
|For the preparation the materials of the sites are used: www.carsfromitaly.com, www.ruotteclassiche.it, www.fiatautopress.com, www.alfa75.info, http://perso.club-internet.fr/phcalvet/sbarro, www.espera-sbarro.com.fr, http://www.omniauto.it/home/sportwagon.htm, http://www.cuoresportivo.pl, http://web.tiscali.it/no-redirect-tiscali/gulpmodel, http://www.berlinaregister.com, http://home.t-online.de/home/Rauen/home.htm. Otdelnaya appreciation Solo, RZ, Gerald Berwid and Marco Sambataro|
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